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‡Kv‡bv wbqgbxwZ AbymiY bv K‡iB evsjv‡`‡k †Ljvayjv Pj‡Q| µxov Dbœq‡bi K_v ejv n‡”Q wew”Qbœfv‡e| †Kv‡bv j¶¨ †hb †bB Avgv‡`i| µxov cÖkvmbI j¶¨nxbfv‡e PjwQj| G‡Ki ci GK µxov ¯’vcbv ˆZwi nq| wKš‘ †Ljv †bB, †L‡jvqvoI †bB| cwiKíbv bv _vKvq me wKQy ¯’wei n‡q i‡q‡Q|


‡Ljvayjv Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ hye I µxov gš¿Yvj‡qi Aax‡b wZbwU cÖwZôvb- RvZxq µxov cwil`, we‡KGmwc I µxov cwi`dZi _vK‡jI Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv mgš^q †bB| we‡KGmwci i‡q‡Q cÖwZfv A‡š^lY Kg©m~wP| U¨v‡j›U evQvB K‡i cÖwk¶Y †`q nq| µxov cwil` wew”Qbœfv‡e cÖwZfv evQvB K‡i| µxov cwi`dZ‡ii i‡q‡Q cÖ‡Z¨KwU †Rjvq GKRb K‡i µxov Kg©KZ©v|


µxov cwil` I cwi`dZi cÖwZ eQi K‡qK †KvwU UvKvi µxov mvgMÖx webvg~‡j¨ weZiY K‡i| wKš‘ †Kv‡bv gwbUwis †mj †bB| µxov Dbœq‡bi bv‡g †KvwU †KvwU UvKv LiP n‡”Q, Zvi Revew`wnZv †bB| KviY Rvbv †bB| †`‡ki KZ fvM †jvK †Ljvayjvi m‡½ RwoZ wKsev µxovwe‡`i msL¨v KZ dyUej †dWv‡ik‡bi K_vB aiv hvK| Zv‡`i Kv‡Q Z_¨ †bB, †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †Rjvq dyUej wjM nq, Av‡`Š nq wK bv †iwR÷vW© dyUejv‡ii msL¨v KZ cÖvq me †dWv‡ik‡bi Ae¯’v dyUe‡ji g‡ZvB| miKvi A_©, AeKvVv‡gv me wKQyB w`‡”Q, wKš‘ evsjv‡`‡ki µxov½b ïayB †cQv‡”Q|


1998 mv‡j me©‡kl RvZxq µxov bxwZ cvm n‡qwQj| 19 eQi ci hye I µxov gš¿Yvjq bZyb K‡i RvZxq µxov bxwZ cÖYq‡bi D‡`¨vM wb‡jI Zv Av‡jvi gyL †`L‡Q bv mnmvB| µxov bxwZ cÖYq‡bi Rb¨ MZ eQi miKvwi Kg©KZ©v I µxov e¨w³Z¡‡`i wb‡q GKwU Kwgkb MVb Kiv nq| Kwgkb K‡qK `dv ˆeVK K‡i GKwU Lmov bxwZgvjv ˆZwiI K‡iwQj|


wKš‘ KgbI‡qj_ mwPevj‡qi M¨uv‡ov‡Z AvU‡K †M‡Q µxov bxwZgvjv| hye I µxov gš¿Yvjq bxwZgvjv ˆZwii Rb¨ KgbI‡qj_ mwPevj‡qi mn‡hvwMZv †P‡qwQj| †mB mn‡hvwMZv w`‡Z jÛb †_‡K wZbRb we‡klÁ XvKvq G‡m µxov gš¿Yvj‡qi Kg©KZ©v‡`i m‡½ ˆeVK K‡iwQ‡jb| ˆeV‡Ki ci cÖvq eQiLv‡bK †cwi‡q †M‡Q| KgbI‡qj_ mwPevjq GLb ej‡Q, Zviv µxov bxwZgvjv ˆZwii Rb¨ evsjv‡`‡k Kbmvj‡U›U wb‡qvM †`‡e|


Kbmvj‡U›U wb‡qv‡Mi ci bxwZgvjv cÖYq‡b cÖvq eQiLv‡bK mgq jvM‡e| 1989 mv‡ji 8 RyjvB ZrKvjxb µxov cÖwZgš¿x GBPGgG Mvddvi RvZxq µxov cwil‡`i m‡¤§jb K‡¶ msev` m‡¤§j‡bi gva¨‡g cÖ_g µxov bxwZ IB eQiB 12 RyjvB Kvh©Ki nq| 25wU Aby‡”Q‡`i IB bxwZi g‡a¨ cuvPwU aviv wQj mywbw`©ó| evwK mewKQyB `vqmviv, D‡Ïk¨nxb I ev¯ÍeZvweewR©Z wQj| c&


i_g µxov bxwZi g‡a¨ me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wQj wWwmwcøb¸‡jvi AMÖvwaKvi wba©viY| ˆ`wnK KvVv‡gv, AvenvIqv, RbwcÖqZv I †gavi m‡½ mvgÄm¨c~Y© welq¸‡jv‡K we‡ePbv K‡i †Ljvayjv‡K wZbwU AMÖvwaKvi wfwˇZ fvM Kiv nq| cÖ_g ZvwjKvq wQj dyUej, A¨v_‡jwU·, muvZvi, KvevwW I `vev| wØZxq ZvwjKvq ¯’vb cvq wµ‡KU, nwK, ïwUs, n¨vÛej, †Uwbm, e¨vWwg›Ub, †Uwej †Uwbm I wRgb¨vw÷K| Z…Zxq ZvwjKvq RvqMv cvq ev‡¯‹Uej, ew·s, kixi MVb, mvBwK¬s, Ry‡Wv, fv‡iv‡Ëvjb I Kyw¯Í|


µxov bxwZ‡Z wQj ¯‹y‡ji cvV¨µ‡g Aóg †kÖYx ch©šÍ kvixwiK wk¶v I µxov m¤ú‡K© mve‡R± eva¨Zvg~jK _vK‡e| K‡jR I wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cvV¨µ‡g 100 b¤^‡ii GKwU Hw”QK welq AšÍf©y³ n‡e| µxov m‡PZbZv e…w×i j‡¶¨ cÖwZw`b †Uwjwfk‡b 30 wgwbU †`wk I we‡`wk Abyôvb cÖPv‡ii e¨e¯’v Kiv| cÖwZfvevb I K…Zx µxovwe`‡`i mvgwiK I †emvgwiK †¶‡Î kZKiv cuvPfvM PvKwii †KvUv msi¶Y Kiv| wKš‘ Avðh©RbK n‡jI mwZ¨ †h, kvixwiK wk¶vi Rb¨ 100 b¤^i Pvjy Qvov µxov bxwZi †Kv‡bv AskB ev¯Íevqb nqwb|


1989 mv‡ji µxov bxwZ‡K wfwË K‡i 1996 mv‡ji RvZxq µxov m‡¤§j‡bi mycvwi‡ki Av‡jv‡K µxov bxwZ‡Z cwieZ©b, cwiea©b I ms‡hvRb Kiv nq| 1998 mv‡j gš¿x cwil` ˆeV‡K 26 Aby‡”Q‡`i cwiewZ©Z µxov bxwZ Aby‡gvw`Z nq| G ms‡kvwaZ bxwZ‡Z wZbwUi cwie‡Z© GKwU AMÖvwaKvi ZvwjKv cÖYqb Kiv nq| G ZvwjKvq _vKv dyUej, wµ‡KU, nwK, ïwUs, A¨v_‡jwU·, muvZvi, `vev I fwjej m‡e©v”P AvbyK~j¨ jv‡fi Rb¨ e‡j we‡ewPZ nq|


cÖwZwU wefv‡M GKwU K‡i kvixwiK wk¶v K‡jR ¯’vcb, µxov †¶‡Î Aby`v‡bi 10 jvL UvKv ch©šÍ A_© AvqKi gy³ Kivi weavb ivLv nq bxwZ‡Z| RvZxq µxov cwil`, evsjv‡`k µxov wk¶vcÖwZôvb (we‡KGmwc) I µxov cwi`dZi‡K GKxf~Z K‡i kw³kvjx µxov cÖwZôv‡b cwiYZ Kivq GKwU wbw`©ó w`b‡K µxov w`em wn‡m‡e cvjb Kiv, µxov bxwZ ev¯Íevqb I ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wm×všÍ †bqvi Rb¨ RvZxq µxov Dc‡`óv KvDwÝj MVb Kivi cÖ¯Íve ivLv nq| A_P 1998 mv‡ji µxov bxwZi Gme Aby‡”Q‡`i †Kej µxov w`em Qvov Avi †Kv‡bvwUB Av‡jvi gyL †`‡Lwb|


RvZxq µxov bxwZi me©‡kl Aby‡”Q` Abyhvqx cÖwZ cuvP eQi ci ch©v‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g mg‡qvc‡hvMx cwieZ©b, cwiea©b I ms‡hvR‡bi e¨e¯’v MÖn‡Yi K_v ejv n‡q‡Q| †m Abyhvqx 2003 mv‡j µxov bxwZi ms‡hvRb-we‡qvRb nIqvi K_v| wKš‘ Zv nqwb| †cwi‡q †M‡Q 16 eQi| 2011 mv‡ji 15 †g evsjv‡`k Awjw¤úK A¨v‡mvwm‡qkb (weIG) µxov Dbœq‡b GKwU cwiKíbv cÖ¯Íve cÖYqb K‡i| cÖavbgš¿x, A_©gš¿xmn mswkøó‡`i Kv‡Q cvVv‡bv IB cÖ¯Ívebvq µxov½‡bi Dbœq‡b cwiKíbv I ev¯Íevq‡bi w`Kwb‡`©kbv wQj| wKš‘ weIGÕi cieZ©x KwgwU IB cwiKíbvi ev¯Íevq‡bi KvRwU GwM‡q wb‡Z Avi †Kv‡bv D‡`¨vM †bqwb| d‡j cuvP eQi a‡i AÜKv‡iB c‡o i‡q‡Q Dbœqb cwiKíbvwU|


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