Zvejx‡M gnvm¼U : `vq Kvi

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`vIqvZ welqwU g~jZ Agymwjg‡`i Rb¨| ZvejxM A_© `xb gvby‡li Kv‡Q †cŠu‡Q †`Iqv| g~jZ Gi †¶ÎI Agymwjgiv| cwifvlvq Gi cÖ‡qvM hvB †nvK, Avm‡j gymwjg mgv‡R `xb †cŠuQv‡bvi A_© n‡”Q, Zv‡`i Cgvb GKx‡bi Dbœqb, AvZ¥ïw× I Zv‡`i `xwb wk¶vq wkw¶Z Kiv| kixqZ hv‡K `vIqvZ, ZvRwKqv, ZvÕjxg I ZviweqvZ e‡j D‡jøL K‡i‡Q| G m¤ú~Y© KvRwUB wQj nhiZ gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. Gi ZvejxM| ZvejxwM RvgvZ Zvi †`Iqv bvg| cÖPwjZ bvg `vIqvZ I ZvejxM| ev¯Í‡e †hwU ZvÕjxg I ZviweqvZ|


ZvejxM Rvgv‡Z ZvÕjxg A_© `x‡bi cÖwZwU welq Rvbvi ¸iæZ¡ I AvMÖn gvby‡li g‡b ˆZwi Kiv| ZviweqvZ gv‡b Ni evwo †_‡K `~‡i GKwU Ava¨vwZ¥K cwi‡e‡k gvbyl‡K wb‡q wKQy w`b ivLv I Zvi AšÍi‡K Av‡LivZgyLx evbv‡bv| nv‡Z Kj‡g Avgj †kLv‡bv| Bmjv‡gi nvRvi eQ‡i Ggb Kg©m~wP wb‡q †Kv‡bv RvgvZ wQj wK bv, G ai‡bi KvR ïiæ Kiv fv‡jv n‡e wK bv, G wb‡q gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in.-Gi wØav mskq Rxe‡b GK †m‡K‡Ûi Rb¨I `~i nqwb| wZwb G Kv‡Ri Rb¨ nhiZ _vbfxi `iev‡i wM‡q Zvi wewnZ gwR© jv‡fi †Póv Ki‡j nhiZ _vbfx Zv‡K wR‡Ám K‡ib, Avcbvi †jv‡Kiv ZvejxM Ki‡e gv‡b gvby‡li Kv‡Q †cŠu‡Q †`‡e| GUv †Zv Av‡jg‡`i KvR| KviY Zviv wKQy Rv‡bb, hv Aci‡K †cŠu‡Q w`‡Z cvi‡eb| hviv wKQy Rv‡b bv, GKvšÍB mvaviY gvbyl wKsev mvaviY wkw¶Z n‡jI `xwb wk¶vq AÁ| Zviv gvby‡li Kv‡Q Kx †cŠuQv‡e Kx ZvejxM Ki‡e ZvejxM A_© †Zv †cŠu‡Q †`Iqv|


ZLb nhiZ gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. GKK_vq DËi w`‡jb, nhiZ Avcbvi †h ÁvbfvÛvi, Avcbvi Bjgx I Bmjvnx wb‡`©kbv, Avcbvi gvjdyRvZ GmeB Zviv gvby‡li N‡i N‡i †cŠu‡Q †`‡e| nhiZ _vbfx G K_v ï‡b wKQyUv Avk¦¯Í n‡jb|


gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. G cÖPviKv‡h©i 6wU g~jbxwZ ˆZwi Ki‡jb| Zvi g‡b A‡bK cÖkœ| Gme wK wVK Av‡Q †M‡jb †`Ie‡›`i cÖavb gydwZ gvIjvbv wKdvqvZyjøvn mv‡n‡ei Kv‡Q| Qq bv¤^vi Zv‡K †`Lv‡jb| gydwZ wKdvqvZyjøvn mv‡ne me I‡K Ki‡jI webq I f`ÖZvi LvwZ‡i gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in.-Gi cÖ¯ÍvweZ GKwU bxwZ mvgvb¨ e`‡j w`‡jb| m¤¢eZ G webxZ cwieZ©bwUB mg‡q ZvejxwM cÖR‡b¥i Rb¨ Kvj n‡q †`Lv w`‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i GK †kÖwYi g‡a¨ Av‡jg-Ijvgv we‡Øl †hb g¾vMZ| wb‡R‡`i eo g‡b Kiv, bexIqvjv Kv‡Ri GKgvÎ wVKv`vi g‡b Kiv, wb‡R‡`i KvR‡KB Avjøvni iv¯Ív ejv, bv‡q‡e ivm~j‡`i †nq Ávb Kiv BZ¨vw`| n‡Z cv‡i G bxwZwU e`‡j †`IqviB dmj| f`ÖZvi djvdj GgbB nq| bxwZwU wQj ÔBKivgyj IjvgvÕ| gv‡b, Ijvgv‡q †Kiv‡gi LvwZi ZvIqvRy I m¤§vb| gydwZ mv‡ne in. wb‡Ri Kj‡g G K_vwU †K‡U wj‡L w`‡jb, ÔBKivgyj gymwjgxbÕ| gv‡b, me gymjgv‡bi cÖwZ LvwZi †ZvqvR I m¤§vb|


gvIjvbv Bwjqvm Zvejx‡Mi Qq Im~‡ji GKwU evwb‡qwQ‡jb, Ijvgv‡`i m¤§vb| wZwb ej‡Zb, †hw`b Ijvgv‡q †Kivg G KvRwU wb‡q hv‡e †mw`bB Avgvi ZvejxM mdj| wZwb Zvejx‡Mi †jvK‡`i ej‡Zb, †Zvgiv †Kv_vI wM‡q KL‡bvB Ijvgv‡q †Kivg‡K wb‡R‡`i Kv‡Ri w`‡K WvK‡e bv, Zv‡`i mv‡_ †`Lv K‡i †`vqv PvB‡e|


GKw`b Mfxi iv‡Z ewY©Z gydwZ mv‡n‡ei Kv‡Q wM‡q N‡ii `iRv AvU‡K w`‡jb gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in.| GKwU eo Qywi ûRy‡ii nv‡Z Zy‡j w`‡q ej‡jb, nq‡Zv Avgvi G bZyb avivi KvRwU‡K Avcwb kixq‡Zi Av‡jv‡K mwVK e‡j d‡Zvqv w`b, bq‡Zv GB Qywi w`‡q Avgv‡K RevB K‡i †djyb| D¤§‡Zi `yie¯’v †`‡L Ggb GKwU RvgvZ ˆZwi bv K‡i _vKv Avgvi c‡¶ m¤¢e bq| nq G KvR Avwg Kie, bv nq Rxeb w`‡q †`e| Gi wKQyw`b ci gvIjvbv Bwjqvm AwZ `wi`Ö I kÖwgK †kÖYxi g‡a¨ Bmjv‡gi wk¶v cÖPv‡ii KvR ïiæ K‡ib| cÖ_g †KD Zvi Wv‡K mvov w`Z bv| wZwb wbR c‡KU †_‡K kÖwgK‡`i gRyix w`‡q Zv‡`i wKQy mgq wb‡Ri Kv‡Q †i‡L `xwb wk¶v w`‡Zb| w`jøxi cvk¦©eZ©x GKvšÍ Ae‡nwjZ GjvKv †gIqv‡Z G KvR ïiæ nq| wbRvgywÏb GjvKvi evsjvIqvjx gmwR` wQj Gi gviKvR| G RvqMvwU gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. Gi ˆcwÎK m¤úwË| IqvKd m~‡Î hvi gyZvIqvwjø GLb gvIjvbv mvÕ` mv‡ne|


ZvejxM Zvi cÖv_wgK mgq AwZµg Ki‡Q| Gmgq nhiZ _vbfx in. Gi BwšÍKvj nq| gvIjvbv Bwjqvm †kv‡K †f‡O c‡ob| wZwb gq`v‡bi me RvgvZ‡K Lei cvVvb| †Zvgiv †KviAvb LZg K‡i K‡i Avgvi G Kv‡Ri Av`k© nhiZ _vbfxÕi iæ‡n mIqve †imvbx Ki| Zvi d‡qR jvf Ki‡Z cvi‡j G KvR †ewk eiKZgq n‡e| nhiZ _vbfxÕi wKZvevw` cvV I ZvÕjxg Ki|


gvIjvbv Bwjqvm Zvi †kl mg‡q Lye Aw¯’iZvq fyMwQ‡jb| Gmgq gvIjvbv gydwZ kdx in. wbRvgywχb †M‡j wZwb gydwZ mv‡ne‡K ej‡jb, Bmjv‡g G bZyb avivi GKwU KvR ïiæ K‡i wM‡q Avwg wK eo †Kv‡bv fyj Kijvg fwel¨‡Z wK GwU Awfbe †Kv‡bv wdZbvi iƒc †b‡e Avgvi G e¨vcv‡i fq n‡”Q| gydwZ kdx Reve w`‡jb, Avcbvi g‡bi G fq I mskq cÖksmbxq welq| Avcbvi RxeÏkvq †Zv KvR wVKB Av‡Q| G ch©šÍB Avcbvi wPšÍv| c‡i hw` bóI n‡q hvq, Zvn‡j Gi `vq Avcbv‡K wb‡Z n‡e bv| gvIjvbv Bwjqvm ¯^w¯Íi wbtk¦vm †dj‡jb| ZLb wZwb ej‡Z †M‡j g„Zy¨kh¨vq wQ‡jb|


gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. G bZyb Kv‡R wbR cyÎ wØZxq nhiZRx gvIjvbv BDmyd in. †K wKQy‡ZB jvMv‡Z cviwQ‡jb bv| ZLb wZwb G e¨vcv‡i gydwZ gvngy` nvmvb Mv‡½vnxi wbKU mvnvh¨ PvB‡jb| Avkv Ki‡jb, wZwb †hb gvIjbv BDmyd‡K wcZvi K‡ói K_vwU eywS‡q e‡jb| gydwZ gvngy` nvmvb Mv‡½vnx in.-Gi gyL †_‡K Avwg wb‡R G NUbvwU ï‡bwQ| wZwb e‡jb, Avgvi K_vq gvIjvbv BDmyd Zvejx‡M †hvM w`‡jb| Avwg wew¯§Z njvg †h, wKQyw`b ci wZwb Avgvi mv‡_ GKwU †ij Rsk‡b G‡m Gmgq †`Lv Ki‡jb, hLb Avwg G c_ w`‡q †i‡j hvw”Qjvg| eÜy gvbyl †hvMv‡hvM K‡i †`Lv Ki‡Z G‡j Avwg Lywk nB|


Rvb‡Z PvB‡j wZwb e‡jb, GKwU gvmAvjv wb‡q wecv‡K c‡owQ, Avcbv‡K Qvov Avi Dcvq †`LwQjvg bv| gydwZ Mv‡½vnx G d‡Zvqv ev mgvavbwU w`‡jb| Gici gvIjvbv BDmy‡di GKwU K_vq wZwb LyeB Avðh©vwš^Z I nZf¤^ n‡q †M‡jb| hLb gvIjvbv BDmyd Zv‡K ej‡jb, fvB Avjøvni iv¯Ívq AvcwbI wKQy mgq jvMvb|


gydwZ Mv‡½vnx Avgv‡K e‡jb, GKRb Av‡jg IB Kv‡R †hvM †`Iqvi ci cwi‡ek †_‡K GZ `ªæZ cÖfvweZ n‡e, Zv Avgvi KíbvqI wQj bv| wKQyw`b Av‡MI †h Zvi wcZvi G bZyb cÖqvm‡K Áv‡bi wfwˇZ we‡kølY KiZ, Avgvi Aby‡iv‡a †m wcZvi Avkv c~i‡Yi Rb¨ †m Kv‡R †hvM †`q| wKQyw`b ciB Zvi Av‡jgvbv we‡ePbv‡eva ¶ybœ bv n‡j †m Kx K‡i Avgv‡K e‡j †h, Avjøvni iv¯Ívq wKQy mgq jvMvb| Avwg ZLb K_v evovBwb| †UÖbI Qvovi mgq n‡q wM‡qwQj| ïay we`v‡qi †ejv ejjvg, Avjøvni iv¯Ívq ZywgB _v‡Kv fvB| Avgv‡`i gZ gvbyl‡`i Bj‡g beexi iv¯Ívq _vK‡Z `vI| bZyev †Zvgiv AvU‡K †M‡j Kvi Kv‡Q d‡Zvqv wR‡Ám Ki‡e


Gici gydwZ Mv‡½vnx `w¶Y AvwdÖKvq Kov ZvejxwM‡`i mv‡_ Zvi Avjvc Av‡jvPbvi A‡bK K_vB Avgvi mvg‡b Zy‡j a‡ib| e‡jb, ïiæ †_‡KB Zvejx‡Mi Av‡eM Avi mvgwMÖK Bmjv‡gi fvimvg¨c~Y© cÖÁv, G `yÕwU ev¯ÍeZv gy‡LvgywL GKwU Øvw›ØK e…‡Ë Ae¯’vb KiwQj| gvIjvbv BDmyd I gvIjvbv BbAvgyj nvmvb G `yÕwU welq‡K †Kv‡bv iKg mgwš^Z †i‡L mwVKfv‡e G‡Mvw”Q‡jb| eZ©gv‡b G `yÕwU aviv mwZ¨Kvi A‡_©B `yB †giæ‡Z P‡j wM‡q‡Q| cwiw¯’wZi `ªæZ AebwZ NU‡Q| Avwg Rvwb bv, G KvR Avi KZw`b MÖnY‡hvM¨ I mwVK iv¯Ívi Ici _vK‡e| Gi wKQyw`b ciB nhiZ gvngy`yj nvmvb Mv‡½vnx BwšÍKvj K‡ib|


Zvejx‡Mi m¼U hw`I bZyb bq, wKš‘ GwU Amnbxq ch©v‡q P‡j hvq gvIjvbv mvÕ` Gi GKK AvgxiZ¡ cÖwZôvi †Póvi c‡i| wmwbqi cÖvq mevB ˆewk¦K G Av‡›`vj‡bi cÖavb wnmv‡e Zv‡K †g‡b wb‡Z A¶gZv cÖKvk K‡ib| e¨e¯’vcbvi Ø›Ø GKmgq RbMY ch©v‡q cÖKvwkZ nq| Av‡jgMY gvIjvbv mvÕ‡`i wPšÍvaviv I Kg©bxwZ‡K Zvejx‡Mi cÖ_g w`KKvi gyieŸx‡`i bxwZi mv‡_ m½wZc~Y© bq e‡j Rvwb‡q †`b|


ZvejxM `yÕwU avivq cÖevwnZ n‡Z _v‡K| evsjv‡`‡k G `~iZ¡ I ˆecixZ¡ AwaK cÖKU n‡q I‡V| GKmgq GwU Lyb, RLg I gvivgvwii ch©v‡q P‡j hvq| j¾vi gv_v †L‡q ZvejxM GLb gš¿Yvj‡q gš¿Yvj‡q Ny‡i| nvB‡Kv‡U© hvq bvwjk wb‡q| wePviKiv e‡jb, `x‡bi KvR wb‡q Avcbviv †Kv‡U© Av‡mb, Avgv‡`i j¾v jv‡M| evsjv‡`‡ki we‡ePbvq Gi wbimb †Kej Ijvgv‡q †Kiv‡gi gZvgZ I wm×v‡šÍi IciB b¨¯Í| wek¦ Zvejx‡Mi †¶‡ÎI G K_v mZ¨|


‡h‡nZy gvIjvbv Bwjqvm in. Zvi D¯Ív`, kv‡qL, cxi I gyieŸx‡`i K_v †g‡b G KvR Pvwj‡q †M‡Qb, c‡ii `yB nhiZRxI GKBfv‡e Zv‡`i c~e©m~ixi c_ AbymiY K‡i‡Qb, gvIjvbv mvÕ` mv‡ne‡KI wb‡Ri AwfÁZv, cQ›`, eyS Ávb BZ¨vw`i Ici fimv †Q‡o wbtkZ©fv‡e mg‡qi †miv Ijvgv‡q †Kiv‡gi kiY wb‡Z n‡e| Ijvgv-gvkv‡q‡Li K_v †PvL ey‡R †g‡b wb‡q Zvejx‡Mi e¨e¯’vcbvq Ry‡o _vK‡Z n‡e| wZwbI Av‡jg, Zvi mv‡_I Av‡jgiv Av‡Qb, Zvi K_vevZ©vI hyw³ I cÖgvY wbf©i BZ¨vw` e³e¨ Zvejx‡Mi eZ©gvb m¼‡Ui mgvavb bq| ïiæ †_‡K Gi ZvwË¡K I bxwZMZ †h wb‡`©kbv we‡klÁ Ijvgv I eyhyM©v‡b `xb w`‡q G‡mwQ‡jb, †m avivqB ZvejxM Pj‡Z cv‡i| ¯^vaxb I ¯^Zš¿ avivq wb‡R‡K Ijvgv‡q †Kiv‡gi AgyLv‡c¶x g‡b K‡i hw` Gi †bZ…Z¡ Pj‡Z Pvq, Zvn‡j BwZnv‡mi AviI A‡bK cwiwPZ A_P †Mvgivn †diKvi fvM¨ eiY Ki‡Z GB ZvejxM Rvgv‡ZiI †ewk w`b mgq jvM‡e bv|


‡`‡ki ZvejxM wbf©i ag©xq mgv‡R GLb Pig wech©q| gmwR‡` gmwR‡` `yÕwU K‡i `j| gv-evev, fvB-‡evb, ¯^vgx-¯¿x ch©v‡q e¨vcK gZv‰bK¨ wnsmv we‡Øl I gvivZ¥K we‡f`| eQ‡ii ci eQi wgj gneŸ‡Zi mvabv K‡i †h kÎyZvi Rb¥ n‡q‡Q, Zv `~i n‡Z KZ Rxeb jvM‡e AvjøvnB fv‡jv Rv‡bb| fv‡jvevmvi PP©v †_‡K N…Yv m…wó nq, GgbwU Avi †kvbv hvqwb| GLv‡b eyS‡Z n‡e, c×wZMZ †Kv‡bv ÎywU wQj| hvi dj ˆewk¦K ch©v‡q GZ wZ³ I welgq n‡Z P‡j‡Q|


mgvR weÁv‡bi RbK Avjøvgv Ave`yi ingvb Be‡b Lvj`yb in. e‡j‡Qb, ÔGKwU mf¨ZviI GKwU nvqvZ _v‡K| Avgvi AwfÁZvq 100 eQi ci mf¨ZviI KwVb euvKe`j nq| A‡bK mgq g„Zy¨I N‡U|Õ Gi e¨vL¨vq AvaywbK mgvR weÁvbxiv e‡j‡Qb, Av‡›`vjb, ivóª, RvwZ, msMVb BZ¨vw`iI Kg‡ewk 100 eQ‡i GKwU cwiYwZ Av‡m| †hgb, mgvRZvwš¿K wecøe 1917 †_‡K 1992, G mg‡qi g‡a¨B g„Zy¨eiY K‡i‡Q| Zyi‡¯‹i bvw¯ÍK¨ev`x †mKy¨jvwiRg 1924 †_‡K 2002 ch©šÍ nvqvZ †c‡q‡Q| M‡o 70-80 eQ‡ii †ewk eo †Kv‡bv kw³B Zvi g~j iƒc a‡i ivL‡Z cv‡i bv|


¯^qs Agi I wPi¯’vqx Rxebe¨e¯’v Bmjv‡giI kZvãx‡Z bZyb †gvRv‡Ï‡`i cÖ‡qvRb nq| KviY, gvbyl I mgvR e`‡j hvq| bxwZ Av`k© cvj‡b D`vmxbZv †b‡g Av‡m| bZyb ms¯‹viK me †S‡o gy‡Q Avevi ïiæ K‡ib| mgv‡Ri kix‡i bZyb i³ cÖevwnZ K‡ib| ZvejxM Rvgv‡Zi †¶‡ÎI Bjg I Bnmv‡bi †kÖô e¨w³iv †h wb‡`©kbv w`‡eb, Zv †g‡b mswkøó mevB‡K Pj‡Z n‡e| hw` †KD G mZ¨ A¯^xKvi K‡i, Zvn‡j A¯^xKvi Ki‡Z cv‡i, wKš‘ cÖK…wZi wbq‡gi E‡aŸ© †m †h‡Z cvi‡e bv| Bmjv‡gi bv‡g Rb¥ †bIqv kZ eQ‡ii cy‡iv‡bv G KvRI Kvw•LZ cÖRb¥ ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|


Bmjv‡gi bv‡g Pj‡jI G Kv‡Ri d‡j ˆZwi mgvRwU n‡q hv‡e Bmjvgx AvLjvK k~b¨| †hfv‡e eû `xwb RvgvZ GKmgq c_ nvwi‡q‡Q| eo Avkv AvKv•Lvi KvR cwiYZ n‡q‡Q bZyb †diKvq| †Mvgivn Rvgv‡Z| wgj gneŸ‡Zi ZvejxM, BLjvm I wjjøvwnqv‡Zi ZvejxM AšÍZ evsjv‡`‡k †h gZvšÍi, we‡iva, we‡Øl, nvbvnvwb, i³viw³i bwRi ¯’vcb Ki‡Q, Ggb KíbvI wK mvaviY gvbyl K‡iwQj G‡`‡ki RbMY ¯^‡cœI wK †f‡ewQj, `xb`vi †jv‡Kiv Ijvgv‡q †Kivg‡K Gfv‡e `ykgb g‡b Ki‡e Zv‡`i nv‡Z Aci gymjgvb nZvnZ n‡e


‡`ke¨vcx `ytL I †e`bvi ˆkZ¨cÖevn eB‡Q| mviv‡`‡k Dfq Mªy‡ci g‡b R¡j‡Q Zy‡li Av¸b| ZvejxwM GKwU †kÖYx I Ijvgv‡q †Kiv‡gi Abymvix `xb`vi ci‡nRMvi gvby‡li ci¯ú‡ii AšÍ‡i KíbvZxZ wØav-mskq, fq, k¼v I AwbðqZv| GZ wKQyi Rb¨ hviv `vqx, Zv‡`i Kx †h cwiYwZ n‡e Zv wb‡q Avgiv LyeB fvweZ I wPwšÍZ| ïay Av‡e`b ivL‡Z PvB, mevB Avjøvn‡K fq Kiæb| we‡eK RvMÖZ Kiæb| me wKQyi Rb¨ GKw`b cÖ‡Z¨K‡KB Revew`wn Ki‡Z n‡e|


  • Qwe I msev` m~Î /BbwKjve

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