cÖm½: mvjv‡Zi iƒnvbx D‡Ïk¨


gnvb mÖóv I cÖwZcvjK Avjøvn iveŸyj Avjvgxb ¯^xq ev›`vn‡`i AmsL¨ †bqvgZ I AMwYZ eiKZ Anin cÖ`vb Ki‡Qb| GmKj †bqvgZ I eiK‡Zi †kvKi Av`vq Ki‡Z n‡j †`n I g‡bi wbweo ms‡hvM GKvšÍ Acwinvh©|


gvbe †`n n‡”Q iƒ‡ni evnb ev cÖRv| iƒn †`‡ni ivRv Ges Av‡ivnx| iƒn hZ¶Y ch©šÍ †`‡ni m‡½ mswkøó _v‡K ZZ¶Y ch©šÍ iƒ‡ni Bw½Zµ‡gB †`n cwiPvwjZ n‡q _v‡K| †`‡ni A½-cÖZ¨½-nvZ, cv, †PvL, bvK, Kvb †¯^”Qvq †Kvb wKQy Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| KviY G¸‡jvi gv‡S †h kw³ I mvg_¨©‡i weKvk †`L‡Z cvIqv hvq, Zv iƒn KZ©…K we”QywiZ kw³iB ewn:cÖKvk gvÎ| ZvB mvjvZ m¤úv`‡b †`n‡K h_v_©fv‡e cwiPvjbv Ki‡Z n‡j †`n‡K iƒ‡ni mvwe©K wbqš¿‡Y ivLv Qvov weKí †Kvb e¨e¯’v †bB| ivm~‡j cvK (mv:) Bikv` K‡i‡Qb-Ò †n †jvK mKj! mvjvZ Av`vq Kivi mgq Av`vqKvix Avjøvn cv‡Ki mv‡_ †Mvc‡b K_v evZ©v e‡j| GgZve¯’vq mvjvZ Av`vqKvixi DwPr wK me K_v evZ©v †m ej‡Q ZrcÖwZ †Lqvj ivLv|Ó (gymbv‡` Avngv`)


mvjvZ Av`vqKvixi GB mZK©Zvi we‡kølY K‡i Avj-KyiAv‡b Bikv` n‡”Q-ÒAvi mvjvZ Kv‡qg Ki Aek¨B mvjvZ j¾vnxbZv I Mwn©Z KvR n‡Z weiZ iv‡L Ges Avjøvni ¯§iYB m‡e©vËg e¯Íy|Ó (m~iv AvbKveyZ) GB Avqv‡Z mvjv‡Zi wZbwU wnKgZ my¯úófv‡e Zy‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| cÖ_gZ : mvjvZ j¾vnxbZv I Mwn©Z Kvh©Kjvc n‡Z weiZ iv‡L| wØZxqZ : mvjvZ n‡”Q Avjøvni ¯§iY| Z…ZxqZ : Avjøvni ¯§iY n‡Z DËg e¯Íyy Avi wKQy †bB| e¯ÍyyZ : j¾vnxbZv I Mwn©Z Kvh©Kjvc n‡Z †eu‡P _vKvi bvg cweÎZv ev mvdvB| mvjvZ Av`vqKv‡j †h †KvbiKg AvwejZv g‡bi gv‡S fxo Rgv‡j cÖK…Zc‡¶ gwćj gvKmy‡` DcbxZ nIqv hvq bv| GB gwćj gvKmy‡` DcbxZ nIqvi cÖavb Aej¤^b n‡jv Avjøvni ¯§iY ev mvjvZ| mvjv‡Z ev›`vni †`n Ges iƒn GKvZœ n‡q hLb AMÖmi nq ZLb Avjøvni ¯§iY Qvov Avi wKQyB Zuvi wbKU DËg e‡j we‡ewPZ nq bv| GB Ae¯’vi we‡kølY K‡i Avj-KyiAv‡b AviI Bikv` n‡”Q, Ò‡m Aek¨B Kvwgqvex nv‡mj K‡i‡Q †h cweÎZv AR©‡b m¶g n‡q‡Q Ges ¯^xq cÖwZcvj‡Ki bvg ¯§iY K‡i‡Q Ges mvjvZ Av`vq K‡i‡Q| (m~iv AvÕjv) j¾vnxbZv I Mwn©Z Kvh©-Kjvc cwinv‡ii gva¨‡gB mwZ¨Kvi cweÎZv AwR©Z nq Ges Avjøvni ¯§i‡Yi `yqvi cweÎZv Qvov wKQy‡ZB Db¥y³ Kiv hvq bv| GgbwK Avjøvni ¯§i‡Yi `yqvi Db¥y³ bv n‡j mvjvZI h_v_©fv‡e Av`vq nq bv|


‡`‡ni mv‡_ RvMwZK e¯ÍywbP‡qi †hvMv‡hvM Awe‡”Q`¨| †`n †hgb Av¸b, evZvm, cvwb I gvwUi mgš^‡q MwVZ †Zgwb G mKj Dcv`v‡bi cÖwZwµqv †`‡ni me©ÎB cwijw¶Z nq| cvwbi Afve †`Lv w`‡j wccvmv cvq, cÖvY IôvMZ n‡q c‡o| evZv‡mi Afve n‡j k¦vmKó Dcw¯’Z nq| Pjrkw³ iwnZ n‡q Av‡m| Av¸‡bi Afve n‡j †`‡ni A½-cÖZ¨½ wkw_j n‡q Av‡m| Kg©kw³ †jvc †c‡Z _v‡K| gvwU ev gvwU RvZxq c`v‡_©i Afve n‡j †`‡ni IRb K‡g hvq, Le©vKvi aviY K‡i Ges †`n Kg©¶g _v‡K bv| myZivs G mKj Dcv`v‡bi RwUjZv †_‡K m¤ú~Y© gy³ n‡q c~Y© AvšÍwiKZvmn mvjvZ Av`vq Kiv‡KB Kvwgqvexi gvb`Û wn‡m‡e Avj-KyiAv‡b wPwýZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Bikv` n‡”Q, ÒAvcwb Aek¨B Zv‡`i mZK© Ki‡Z cv‡ib hviv bv †`‡LB ¯^xq ciIqviw`Mvi‡K fq K‡i Ges mvjvZ Kv‡qg K‡i, Avi †h AvwZ¥K cweÎZv AR©b K‡i †m wb‡Ri Rb¨B Zv K‡i _v‡K Ges cwi‡k‡l Avjøvni w`‡KB cÖZ¨veZ©b Ki‡Z n‡e|Ó (m~iv dv‡Zi) G‡Z ¯úóZ:B cÖgvwYZ nq †h, mvjvZ PvwiwÎK `ye©jZv †_‡K weiZ iv‡L Ges gvbwmK AvwejZv n‡ZI gy³ iv‡L Ges iƒnvbx cweÎZvi c_‡K mnR I myMg K‡i †Zv‡j| †`n Ges †`n¯’ Dcv`vbivwRi Øviv g~L¨ †h wZbwU cÖwZwµqvi m…wó nq, Zv n‡jv A‰ah© nIqv, wec‡` Aaxi nIqv Ges cÖvPy‡h©i mgq K…cYZv cÖKvk Kiv| wKš‘ hviv h_v_©fv‡e mvjvZ Av`vq K‡i Ges `…pZvi mv‡_ Zv AweiZ cvjb K‡i hvq, Zv‡`i gv‡S Dc‡iv³ wZb cÖKvi cÖwZwµqvi cÖfve co‡Z cv‡i bv| †hgb Avj-KyiAv‡b BikA` n‡”Q, ÒAek¨B gvbyl‡K ˆah©nxb K‡i cq`v Kiv n‡q‡Q, hLb †m gmxe‡Z wbcwZZ nq, ZLb †m fxZ-mš¿¯Í n‡q c‡o Ges hLb †m cÖvPy‡h©i AwaKvix nq, ZLb ewLj ev K…cY †m‡R e‡m; wKš‘ mvjvZ Av`vqKvix (G mKj AvwejZv n‡Z) cweÎ I gy³ _v‡K hLb †m me©`v mvjvZ Av`v‡q Avf¨¯Í nq|Ó (m~iv gvÕAvwiR)


GB cweÎZv I wbg©jZvi ¯^iƒc D`NvUb K‡i ivm~‡j cvK (mv:) BikA` K‡i‡Qb- Òhw` Kv‡iv M…‡ni m¤§yL w`‡q wbg©j GK †mÖvZw¯^bx b`x cÖevwnZ _v‡K, †mLv‡b †m hw` ˆ`wbK cuvP evi †Mvmj K‡i Z‡e wK Zvi †`‡n †KvbiKg gqjv-AveR©bv †j‡M _vK‡e mvnvexMY AviR Ki‡jb, bv, _vK‡e bv| Avjøvni nvexe (mv:) e‡j‡Qb, mvjvZ Abyiƒcfv‡eB †Mvbvn‡K ay‡q-gy‡Q cwi®‹vi K‡i †`q| †hgb cvwb gqjv‡K `~ixf~Z K‡i|Ó (gymbv‡` nv‡Kg, gymbv‡` Avngv`)


GKevi GKRb MÖvg¨ gymjgvb ivm~‡j cvK (mv:)-Gi †L`g‡Z †Mvbvn gv‡di Dcvq m¤ú‡K© wR‡Ám Ki‡jv| Gi Dˇi Avjøvn cvK GB AvqvZ bvwRj Ki‡jb| Bikv` n‡”Q, Òw`‡bi Dfq cÖv‡šÍ Ges iv‡Zi wKq`s‡k mvjvZ Kv‡qg Ki Aek¨B mr Kg©mg~n cvcivwk `~i K‡i †`q, GB bmxnZ ïaygvÎ ¯§iYKvix‡`i Rb¨B|Ó (m~iv û`) Avjøvn cv‡Ki mvwbœa¨ I ˆbKU¨ jv‡fi cÖavb Aej¤^b ev cv‡_q ej‡Z ïay †Kej †`n‡KB eySvq bv| eis †`‡ni ivRv ev wbqš¿K iƒ‡ni Kvh©µgB GLv‡b g~L¨ f~wgKv cvjb K‡i _v‡K| †`n AbyMZ f…‡Z¨i gZ iƒ‡ni wb‡`©k cvjb Ki‡Z eva¨| ZvB iƒnvbx kw³i gvqv‡Wv‡i †`n‡K ekxf~Z I c~Y© wbqš¿‡Y †i‡L ev›`vn hLb mvjvZ Av`v‡h cÖe…Ë nq, ZLbB ïiæ nq gnvb Avjøvni mv‡_ ev›`vni K‡_vcK_‡bi cvjv| GB ZË¡‡K Zy‡j a‡i ivm~‡j cvK (mv:) Bikv` K‡i‡Qb- ÒmvjvZ Av`vqKv‡j †KD †hb mvg‡bi w`‡K _y_y wb‡¶c bv K‡i, KviY ev›`vn ZLb ¯^xq cÖwZcvj‡Ki mv‡_ g‡bi †Mvcb K_v e¨³ Ki‡Z e¨¯Í _v‡K|Ó (mnxn eyLvix, mnxn gymwjg)


mvjvZ Av`vqKvixi iƒnvbx kw³ hw` †`‡ni MwZ-cÖK…wZ‡K myôyfv‡e wbqš¿‡Y ivL‡Z mg_© bv nq wKsev †`‡ni Pvwn`v iƒnvbx cÖZ¨vkvi c‡_ AšÍivq m…wó K‡i, Zvn‡j ev›`vni †Kvb c_ Aej¤^b Ki‡Z n‡e Ges †Kgb K‡i iƒnvbx Ae¯’vi Dbœqb mva‡b Zrci n‡Z n‡e, GB Z_¨‡K Zy‡j a‡i Avjøvni nvexe Bikv` K‡i‡Qb, †Zvgiv Avjøvni Bev`Z Ggbfv‡e wb®úbœ Ki †hb †Zvgiv Avjøvn cvK‡K †`L‡Z cv”Q, hw` †Zvgiv †`L‡Z m¶g bv-I nI Z‡e wZwb Aek¨B †Zvgv‡`i †`L‡Qb|Ó (mnxn gymwjg) myZivs mvjv‡Zi iƒnvbx D‡Ïk¨ I Gi myôy cwiYvg n‡”Q GB †h, Kyj gvLjyKv‡Zi ¯Öóv mve©‡fŠg gvwjKvbvi AwaKvix iveŸyj Avjvgx‡bi cÖ‡`q mxgvnxb †bqvgZ I eKkx‡ki †kvKi ¸Rvix w`‡j Ges gy‡L GKvZ¥ n‡q Av`vq Kiv Ges g‡b-cÖv‡Y, wPšÍv-‡PZbvq Zuvi †kÖôZ¡ I mve©‡fŠg‡Z¡i mvg‡b wb‡Ri ˆ`b¨Zv I `ye©jZvi Kv_v Zy‡j a‡i me©`v AebZ _vKv; Avjøvni gneŸ‡Z wb‡Ri gb-cÖvY †`n‡K DRvo K‡i wewj‡q †`qv Ges g‡bi Av‡eM Zuvi mwbœav‡b Zy‡j aiv Ges Kv‡R I K_vq Gi h_v_© cÖwZdjb mva‡b Zrci nIqv| †hb gnvb iveŸyj Avjvgx‡bi `qv I KiæYvi `yqvi Ly‡j hvq, Ges ev›`vn Avjøvni ˆbK‡U¨i Amxg mvM‡i wb‡ew`Z cÖv‡Y wejxb n‡q hvq| GB wb:mxg AvZ¥wejywßi iƒc‡iLv‡K Zy‡j a‡i R‰bK cvwm©qvb Kwe KZ my›`iB bv †M‡q‡Qb, ÒG‡ËQvwj †e ZvKvBqy¨d †e wKqvm, nv¯Í iveŸybœvwm iv ev Rvwb bvm|Ó iveŸyb bvm A_©vr gvby‡li cÖwZcvjK Avjøvn Zvqvjv Rvwb bvm A_©vr gvby‡li iƒn ev cÖv‡Yi mv‡_ †Kgb K‡i wg‡k hvb, Zvi ¯^iƒc I aviYv e¯Íyjã Dcv`vb ev DcKi‡Yi Øviv Abyaveb Kiv †gv‡UB m¤¢e bq| †h‡nZy wgjb nq iƒ‡ni mv‡_, †m‡nZy iƒnvbx kw³B Gi g~Z© weKvk Abyave‡b m¶g|


gymjgvb‡`i ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b cuvP Iqv³ diR mvjvZ Av`vq Kiv GKvšÍ Acwinvh©| ZvQvov mßv‡n GKw`b ïµev‡i Rygvi mvjvZ Av`vq KivI diR| AwaKZšÍ g„‡Zi Rb¨ mvjv‡Z Rvbvhv Av`vq Kiv di‡R †KÕdvqv| diR mvjvZ Qvov mybœvZ Ges bdj mvjvZI i‡q‡Q| Abyiƒcfv‡e eQ‡i `yB C‡`i mvjvZ IqvwRe wn‡m‡e cwiMwYZ| †gvUvgywUfv‡e wn‡me Ki‡j †`Lv hvq, mvjv‡Zi †kÖYx‡f` PviwUfv‡e wef³| h_vÑ diR, IqvwRe, mybœvZ I bdj| diR mvjv‡Zi mv‡_ mwbœwnZ Av‡Q di‡R †Kdvqv mvjvZ Ges mybœvZ mvjv‡Zi mv‡_ RwoZ Av‡Q mybœv‡Z †gvqv°v`vn mvjvZ I mybœv‡Z hv‡q`vn mvjvZ| †`Lv hvq, IqvwRe Ges bdj mvjvZ Avcb Avcb cwigÛ‡j mycÖwZwôZ Av‡Q Ges GKRb gymjgvb e¨envwiK Rxe‡b G mKj mvjvZ cÖwZôv Kivi j‡¶¨ me©`vB Zrci _v‡Kb| GgbwK Ab¨‡KI mvjvZ cÖwZôvq AbycÖvwYZ K‡ib| cweÎ KyiAv‡b evi evi mvjvZ cÖwZôvi ZvwM` Kiv n‡q‡Q| Ges ivm~‡j cvK (mv:) mvjv‡Zi e¨envwiK w`KwU nv‡Z-Kj‡g wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb| AZGe G‡nb ¸iæZ¡c~Y© mvjv‡Zi AšÍwb©wnZ gg© Dcjwä Kiv, Abyaveb Kiv Ges Z`bymv‡i Avgj Kiv cÖ‡Z¨K wek¦vmx gymjgv‡bi GKvšÍ `iKvi|


G j‡¶¨ DcbxZ nIqvi Rb¨ Avgiv †m c‡_ AMÖmi n‡Z PvB msL¨v-Z‡Ë¡i wfwˇZ| GKwU wbw`©ó msL¨v‡K Aej¤^b K‡i I DcvË wn‡m‡e a‡i wb‡q mvjv‡Zi c~Y©v½ wP‡Îi †gŠwjK mgš^q mvab Kivi GB cÖ‡Póv bZyb wKQy bq| Zv Avjøvn cv‡Ki †`qv kvk¦Z weavbgvjviB GKwU w`K gvÎ| cweÎ KyiAv‡b Bikv` n‡”Q, ÔIqv AvnQv Kyjøv kvB-Bb Av`v`vÕ A_©vr Avwg cÖwZwU wRwbm‡KB msL¨v I cwigv‡Yi gva¨‡g web¨¯Í K‡iwQ| †gvU K_v, GB c…w_exi mKj c`v‡_©iB GKwU wbw`©ó mxgv I cwigÛj Av‡Q| GB mxgv‡iLvi gv‡S mewKQyB wbw`©ó msL¨vq wePiY K‡i cwicyó nq Ges cwic~Y©Zvi j‡¶¨ GwM‡q P‡j| ZvB wek¦vmx ev›`vn‡`i diR Bev`Z mvjv‡Zi †ejvqI Gi e¨wZµg †bB|


cig weÁvbgq Avjøvn iveŸyj Avjvgxb mvjv‡Zi gv‡S AmsL¨ †nKgZ I †bqvgZ Mw”QZ †i‡L‡Qb| †R‡b-ï‡b I ey‡S G mKj †bqvg‡Zi †kvKi Av`vq Kiv mKj gy‡gb gymjgv‡biB `iKvi|


nvKxK‡Z mvjvZ wK, †Kgb, Ges wK iƒ‡c Zv we‡kølY Kivi Av‡M mvjvZ Kvi Rb¨ wb‡ew`Z n‡Z n‡e, G wb‡q AvR Avgiv Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z cÖqvm cve| cweÎ KyiAv‡b Avjøvn cvK Bikv` K‡i‡Qb, ÒBbœv QvjvZx Iqv byQyKx, Iqv gvn& Bqv-Bqv Iqv gvgvZx, wjjøvwn ivweŸj AvjvgxbÓ A_©vr wbðqB Avgvi mvjvZ, Avgvi Kyievbx, Avgvi Rxeb, Avgvi giY, wek¦RM‡Zi cÖwZcvjK AvjøvniB Rb¨ wb‡ew`Z| GK K_vq ejv hvq, mvjvZ AvjøvniB Rb¨| mKj mvjvZ Avjøvncv‡Ki `iev‡iB wb‡ew`Z n‡Z n‡e| myZivs msL¨vZ‡Ë¡i wfwˇZ Gi myôy mgvavb †c‡Z n‡j Avgv‡`i wbgœwjwLZ welq¸‡jvi cÖwZ Mfxifv‡e ZvKv‡Z n‡e|


(K) mvjvZ †KejgvÎ Avjøvni Rb¨| Aviex ÔAvjøvnÕ k‡ã PviwU eY© i‡q‡Q| Avjxd, jvg jvg Ges nv| ZvB †`Lv hvq, mvjvZ Abyôv‡bi cÖwZwU Ae¯’v Pvi msL¨vi mv‡_ Ir‡cÖvZfv‡e RwoZ| mvjv‡Zi †Kvb Ask Pvi msL¨v n‡Z †ekxI bq KgI bq| †hgb (1) mvjvZ k‡ã PviwU eY© i‡q‡Q ; h_v-‡mvqv`, jvg, IqvI Ges Zv|


(Pj‡e)


  • Qwe I msev` m~Î /BbwKjve

gšÍe¨ wjLyb :